Ford focus spark plug torque


FOCUS 2017 Automobile pdf manual download. 26-32 2 . Dodge Coverage is from 1996-2014 Including 2008-2016 Dodge ViperThe Ford Focus is a small car that offers a number of features otherwise seen in larger or more luxurious vehicles. This takes a 7mm socket. The Ford Modular engine is Ford Motor Company's overhead camshaft (OHC) V8 and V10 gasoline-powered small block engine family. For instance, the Focus is the first vehicle in its class to offer Active Park Assist, which can actually guide and steer the car into a parking space if the driver moderates speed with the brake. The 2010 Ford Focus is offered with just one engine, a 2. 0L EcoBoost M-12405-20T (required with calibration) NOTE: -Powertrain calibrations are developed and supported for U. Buy Spark Plug for FORD Focus C-Max cheap online at onlinecarparts. Good Product Very happy with the ProCal3 tune. září 2013Duratec spark plug torque setting Is that the same engine as in a Ford Focus? Tighten the spark plugs to 11 ft-lbs with a torque wrench. The Modular engine got its name from its design and sharing of certain parts among the engine family, starting with the 4. Brisk is one of the largest spark plug auto parts manufacturers in the World, with 80 years experience in spark plug manufacturing. FORD. 000 auto parts - find a suitable spare Spark Plug. com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchasesThe Ford Modular engine is Ford Motor Company's overhead camshaft (OHC) V8 and V10 gasoline-powered small block engine family. Digg;When replacing spark plugs, for proper spark plug installation it is always highly recommended to use spark plug removal and installation tool and spark plug torque wrench. Vehicle Overview. I have a ford focus 2002 1600 ztec My engine at the moment only fires on 3 cylinders no 1 cylinder does not get a spark from the distributor cap however the other 3 do. Once the gasket has made contact with the cylinder head, use the torque wrench to tighten it to the tightening torque shown below. Typical Oil Drain Plug Torque Specifications. . Swap out those funky stock Ford Focus spark plugs for performance plugs and you'll get an immediate boost in horsepower and torque. torque wrench would be good. The procedure to remove the ignition coil and spark plug boot is the same for each spark plug. 5 OHC (Over Head Cam) engines. to/2fN9Xwt Dielectric Grease-http://amzn. 0 EAO sport motors that were first introduced to this country in the Mercury Capri’s from the early 1970’s. 39 to $14. focus st spark plug torque, focus st spark plugs change, how to change spark plugs for ford focus st. 0L? The owners manual lists I was going to fit new plugs to our Mk2. Find local 2016 Ford Focus prices online. 053 inhey does anyone know the torque specs on spark plugs?12 Oct 2018 2009 Ford Focus SE 2. Order Spark Plug Spanner size: 16 mm 5809 by NGK now. Brisk USA specializes in the use of silver center electrode technology in our high performance and racing spark plugs, but also offers OEM auto parts and wide assortment of iridium spark plugs, copper sparkplugs, platinum spark plugs and even yttrium spark plugs. not mandatory if you make sure not to over tighten spark plugs strip out thread since they are aluminum. FORD 2009 FOCUS 2. com. Correct spark plug torque is the very most critical step of spark plug installation. The U. Advance Auto Parts carries 21 different options for your Spark Plug, so you can find the right replacement for your 2008 Focus without breaking the bank! When installing the spark plug, first screw it in by hand. If a torque wrench is unavailable, finger tighten the spark plug, then use a plug wrench to tighten. 0L Zetec in the Focus. com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases Brisk is one of the largest spark plug auto parts manufacturers in the World, with 80 years experience in spark plug manufacturing. Ford Fiesta ST with mountune ECU calibration compared to the stock ECU calibration. 4L and 6. OEM Motorcraft double platinum spark plugs, which are used Torque. Details about 13-17 FORD FOCUS ST PROCAL CALIBRATION W/ SPARK PLUGS 90 lb-ft torque @ 2800 rpm BUY FROM US 100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEE, 6 REASONS WHY Ford Galaxy / Ford Galaxy S-MAX owners manual / Engine electrical systems / Spark plugs and HT leads - removal, inspection and refitting Note: The correct functioning of the spark plugs is vital for the correct running and efficiency of the engine. uk. 027-. 049-0. i have researched on the net about how much torque to apply for spark plugs for the ford focus st 2014 and there are alot of 21. Changes for the 2017 Ford Focus are limited to a new SEL package that adds unique 17-inch alloy wheels, fog lamps, black headlight bezels, and a power moonroof to the SEL trim. 3 Liter vice the US 2. I just recently purchased a torque wrench to ensure the plugs were torqued properly. , up from 140 and 136 respectively in the 2011 Ford Focus. ford part number #. Labor costs are estimated between $61 and $100 while parts are priced at $51. 8L 2004-2008 engines can cause part of the plug to break off and get stuck in the cylinder head. Ford Spark Plug Removal Tool – Picture of Ford’s Bad Design November 23, 2008 10:44 am dennisb - Auto Tool Sales Auto Specialty Tools, Consumer, Ford Problems, Lisle Specialty Tools If Ford’s poorly designed spark plugs would just all come out like these. I want to change the spark plugs on my 2004 Ford Focus. Mar 25, 2017 All over the place. Vehicle Overview. Guaranteed to deliver quick starts, good fuel economy and smooth acceleration. There are very few options: Buyers can throw another $995 into it to get leather upholstery and $60 for a plug-shaped Browsing Service Parts Plugs (Glow & Spark Plugs) for Ford Focus 1. It also serves an important secondary role as a heat dissipater, transferring heat to the car's cooling system. Fits for FORD FOCUS, MONDEO, GALAXY, S-MAX, C-MAX; VOLVO V70, V50, S40, S80, C30; vehicles. all you need is spark plug socket. 4l 3v triton misfires on both 5 and 7? si it started running rough at idle won't misfire while revving. The Ford Focus is the automaker’s compact offering in sedan and four-door hatchback forms. Lower In New Spark Plug: Tighten Spark Plug Clockwise: Apply Dielectric Grease: The OEM spark plugs in this 2014 Ford Fusion Titanium with the EcoBoost 2. 4 MK 2 (2004-2012) 09/04-06/10 Blew a spark plug out of the engine while driving home from work just now, it ended up hanging by the wire, half of it still stuck in th 2013 Ford Focus SE hatch Ford Performance Focus ST Calibration with ProCal3 (Requires laptop and internet access) Ford Performance Cold Spark Plug Set for 2. 3 or 2. 8L engines that have experienced a blown out spark plug. 3L & 2. Place the new plug in the socket and push it in until the socket holds it. It is always best to screw the new plugs in by hand and then torque to manufacturer specs. Like . Ford's Spit-Out Spark Plugs Hit Mechanics in their Wallets This software can cause the ESC system to lose engine torque control and not provide any warning lamps to warn the driver if there The 2008 Ford Focus has 4 problems reported for blown out spark plug. spark plug set qty 6 holden 1994-2004 commodore statesman lexcen monaro caprice. 8HE only to find the useless Haynes doesnt give a torque setting for them. 0L EcoBoost® I-4 engine; Maximum of 90 lb-ft torque increase at 2800 rpm on 93 octane fuel What is the torque used for spark plugs on a 2009 Ford Focus SE 2. I was having the typical spark plug failure common to these engines What Are the Flywheel Torque Specifications for a Ford F-150? The F-150 line of Ford pickup trucks requires 60 to 62 foot pounds of torque between the flywheel and the engine crankshaft, and either 18, 40 or 42 foot pounds for bolts connecting the clutch's pressure plate to the flywheel. 050". i searched the forum couldnt find the specs for the spark plug gaps for my 2001 In order to be able to post messages on the Ford Focus Forum, Ford Focus ST Forum Ford Focus Spark Plugs - DP : All good advice. 1 x BOSCH SUPER 4 SPARK PLUG FITS FORD FOCUS FIESTA PUMA COUGAR MONDEO C-MAX . uk Order Spark Plug Spanner size: 16 mm UXT15 by BERU now. Ford Racing Calibration with Spark Plugs Focus ST. The 2003 Ford F-150 has 40 problems reported for spark plug ejects from the engine. Average repair cost is $750 at 141,300 miles. Ford 4. 0L turbo. That's why we carry at least 80 aftermarket and original parts ranging from prices between $2. Spark plug torque setting. Champion Iridium combines a patented iridium fine-wire centre electrode and V-trimmed platinum ground electrode to deliver long-lasting performance in every spark. Focus 1. Ford part # CYFS-12Y-2 - Spark Plug. Experience high MPG with EcoBoost without sacrificing horsepower and torque - available on most Ford vehicles. -LBS. Spark plug for RS models. 8 Ford Triton Engines Inserts (Pack of 8) SKU 110263 2799 FIX98149P Ford Cylinder Ford puts a lot of effort into the spark plugs that go into their latest generation of F150 engines, and their Motorcraft Iridium Spark Plugs are a surprisingly good choice for the 2011 to 2017 F150s rocking a 5. Ford originally specified a plug gap of 1. I never had a 4. 2001 Ford Focus ZX3; Brisk Silver Racing Spark Plugs are a 2 steps colder heat range spark plug designed to prevent pre-ignition and detonation making them an Ford Ranger 4-Cylinder lima Engines These motors are commonly referred to as either the Lima or simply the 2. As a result, we provide an extensive selection of high quality Ford Focus repair parts manufactured to restore your vehicle to like new condition at the most attractive prices. Juice is supplied by a (40 percent denser for 2017) liquid-cooled When replacing spark plugs, it's important to avoid over-tightening the plugs. This set of eight Ford Motorcraft spark plugs is an exact, direct replacement for the original plugs that came in your 5. whats the torque specs on a 2001 ford focus 2. with 2. Recommended Posts. Buy cheap Spark Plug Engine for FORD Focus Mk1 Hatchback (DAW, DBW) 1. Plugs should be torqued to 25 ft-lbs according to Ford. 0L 4-cyl Spark Plug Information. 6 V8 spark plug question I used proper torque specs for the new plugs during installation. 6 liter engines constructed of a nylon composite manufactured by DuPont. It can be had with either a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic Ford - Focus :: 2002 - All Spark Plugs Submerged In Oil Jun 18, 2011. We offer only high quality brand auto parts, such as Vehicle Spark Plug for FORD FOCUS Series with reduced prices. Tightening torque 23 Nm. 0 and ZTec motors. Ford 5. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Separated/Broken Spark Plug Removal If the spark plug separates after 2015 Ford Focus Electric - Price Reduced! Serious torque. ford focus spark plug torqueOct 12, 2018 2009 Ford Focus SE 2. 6L in 1990 for the 1991 model year. 3 engine spark plug gap is 0. So, the drain plug is tightened by feel. 0L, you will need: 8mm socket, 5/8 spark plug socket, magnetic tool, anti-seize grease, and dielectric  Spark Plug Torque Recommendations | Champion Auto Parts www. This way the head will accept any half threaded or fully threaded spark plug manufactured by autolite or motorcraft. FORD FOCUS Spark plug and cylinder check I just turned 11k and have been running randys tune for about 9k. (Page 1 of 2)Motor Trend reviews the 2016 Ford Focus where consumers can find detailed information on specs, fuel economy, transmission and safety. ron, this is what I found :" Tools: Socket Wrench, 5/8 deep socket (16mm), 5/16 socket (8mm), 3 to 4 inch socket extension, needle nose pliers (used to pull out spark plugs) Step 1: Clean off engine area to free it from any loose dirt that could fall into the plug holes. 2L Ford Raptor truck it is recommended to upgrade your spark plugs. 6L 2V, 5. (Page 1 of 2) Motor Trend reviews the 2016 Ford Focus where consumers can find detailed information on specs, fuel economy, transmission and safety. They range in styles from the high-volume four-cylinder S and SE, to the upscale The widest range of products, outstanding quality, and affordable prices are the three pillars on which CARiD bases its work. This is the tool that removes the broken sleeve from the cylinder head. NGK Spark Plugs 6510 For The Ford Raptor 6. Spark Plugs Oil Pan Drain Plug Intake Exhaust 2002: 2. It is extremely important to never exceed the spark plug recommended installation torque. As cylinder temperatures start to rise with increased torque and horsepower you I think I overtighted my spark plugs Project Cars Vredestein Ultrac Vorti R Tires on a 2016 Ford Focus RS I quit using torque wrenches on spark plugs with How much to change spark plugs and wires on a ford focus SE? Could DPFE sensor be the problem for 2000 ford focus rough idle? Answer Questions. . 4 MK 2 (2004-2012) 04/05-06/10; Focus 1. What is the spark plug torque spec for 2001 ford explorer. 2. 8L 2V engine and aluminum heads may experience a spark plug port with stripped or missing threads. htmlGet the advice and know-how you need to complete that next repair job with these spark plug torque recommendations. 16 focus rs spark gap, 2016 ford focus rs denso iridium itv22, brisk spark plugs for focus rs, focus rs mk3 spark plug, focus rs plug gap, focus rs spark plugs, focus st ngk or denso plugs, ford focus st 2015 spark plug torque, how to gap denso itv22 iridium, increase focus rs power with spark plugs dyno, itv222, tuning through spark plug Start plug installation using a 3/8” diameter hose or spark plug install tool. 5/16 Spark Plug Socket & Extension and/or OTC Extended 9/16 Plug Socket Motorcraft SP-515 Spark Plug OR newer design Motorcraft SP-546 Lisle Broken Spark Plug Remover for Ford Triton **ESSENTIAL TOOL** This is your life saver. Horsepower is estimated at 160 and torque 146 lb. - Compatible with Ford Focus RS 2. FORD is not the seller of the parts offered for sale on this website. 0L engine. 1. *Will not fit 1993-1995 Cobras. 0L EcoBoost M-12405-20T (required with calibration) NOTE: Powertrain calibrations are developed and supported for U. NEW Buy Spark Plug for FORD Focus Mk3 Hatchback (DYB) cheap online at onlinecarparts. Ford Focus 2. 049-0. Buy Autolite APP104 Double Platinum Spark Plug, Pack of 1: Automotive - Amazon. 0L 4cyl with 14K miles and she has been having the car serviced by the local Ford dealer in Columbus, OH. Proper spark plug torque is CRITICAL in today’s engines. Now Tuning 1990-2018 SCT Ford / Lincoln and Mercury Vehicles Including the Focus ST, Taurus SHO, Ecoboost Flex, Ecoboost MKS, Ecoboost MKT, Mustang GT and GT500! We also offer SCT Dodge and GM tuning as well. Estimate does not include taxes and fees. championautoparts. The spark-plug box values are also the highest torque I've ever seen for any spark plug in an aluminum-head engine. 0 2013 Lethal Performance is your high performance warehouse for all your Ford Mustang performance parts and tuning needs! Specializing in Mustang GT, GT500 and SVT Cobra Terminator vehicles since 2004. i have a 99 ford f350 , v10 number 3 spark plug blue out as i was driving , it stripped out of head , Buy a 2009 Ford Focus Spark Plug at discount prices. Blownoutsparkplug specializes is a low cost alternative to replacing the cylinder head on most all 1990 to 2003 Ford 4. Check out our story on how to avoid the Ford Three-Valve Broken Spark Plug Blues by replacing the notoriously fragile OE Motorcraft units with a substantial plug from Champion. 44. 0LL4 ford professional spark plug thread repair ford spark plug thread repair, ford spark plug threads stripped Q: Spark Plug Order? asked by Heather on February 18, 2017 I disconnected my spark plug coil caps from my 2004 Ford Taurus (engine 3. Torque Specifications 10mm Gasket Seat 12mm Gasket Seat NOTE: Spark plugs should be installed with clean and dry threads to avoid over-torqueing. This product will Place a small amount of anti seize on the spark plug threads and the lower spark plug shaft below the threads. Make: Ford. Search Car Torque Specifications by Engine or Model. How to Rethread a Spark Plug Hole. ford focus spark plug torque Major representatives of many car part manufacturers with OEM quality. Please use torque recommendation below as a guide for tightening all spark plugs. Torque spec. 0L EcoBoost ® I-4 engine Maximum of 90 lb-ft torque increase at 2800 rpm on 93 octane fuel Significant torque increase up to 4200 rpm Revised sound symposer software and calibration for more Leading in the automotive industry, NGK spark plugs are available for virtually every type of engine – cars, motorcycles, marine applications, small engines, and power tools. 044 inch Torque Specifications Cylinder Head Torque in 2 steps [1st (50 Curent 2003 Ford Mustang Mach 1 owner 2008 Ford Focus Spark Plug Save on top Spark Plug brands for your 2008 Ford Focus. co. 2005-2007 Ford Focus Spark Plugs Replacement: Replacing spark plugs for the D20 and D23 engines. 0 out of 5 by 2. 1 Spark Plug. They started life based on the German designed 2. We provide incredibly reasonable prices on quality parts. Once the coils are removed, you may find it easier to remove the PCM and bracket from the passenger side of the engine compartment to get to cylinders #3 and #4. 6 Ford Focus is NGK TR5A-10 with a gap of 1. Spark plug gap and torque q - posted in Mechanical (Focus Mk1) : hi all, Anyone know the correct gap size for a 1. In our online shop you can buy cheap Spark Plug , and many more. ALL SPARK PLUG. These are the Tools and Parts for this job: Spark Plugs-(torque spec 108in lbs) 2006-2016 Ford Fusion 2. Find the proper torque for installing your E3 spark plugs. 0L Duratec engine has Sequential Multiport Fuel Injection (SFI), and an upper and lower intake manifold with electronically controlled Intake Manifold Runner Control (IMRC) that varies intake air velocity for improved low-end torque, and a single coil distributorless ignition system (DIS) that fires two spark plugs simultaneously (waster spark). The Ford Parts online purchasing website ("this website" or "FordParts. 2006 Ford Focus Spark Plug Review Fitment Notes to Ensure Proper Fit The only iridium spark plug line engineered for both High Performance and Long Life. The Ford Focus is a small car that offers a number of features otherwise seen in larger or more luxurious vehicles. They range in styles from the high-volume four-cylinder S and SE, to the upscale Motor Trend reviews the 2009 Ford Focus where consumers can find detailed information on specs, fuel economy, transmission and safety. 035 and crazier at times, Ford specifies them to have a gap of . May 24, 2018 2009 Ford Focus 2. See our full lineup. 0. NOTE: Spark plugs should be installed with clean and dry threads to avoid over-torqueing. TORQ. BE SURE to use Motorcraft plugs since focus' can be picky about plugs trust me on this. Step 2: Using the 5/16 socke - 2008-2011 Ford Focus Spark Plug Gap 0. Spark Plug Non-Fouler. 2016 Ford Focus Specs. 2003 Ford F250 super duty: cylinder engine. and Canadian vehicles only The spark plug threads are zinc coated. 5 1. Nov 20, 2014 To replace spark plugs on a Ford Focus 2. 12mm Gasket Seat. Torque for oil pan drain plug. Fusion 2001 - 2012. See the process and So I have a 2000 Ford Ranger XLT 4. For spark plugs on a 2005 ford sport 2006 Ford Focus / I have oil on a spark plug, I have oil on a spark plug, what does this mean? torque wrench of Stewart's Auto Repair LLC on . Trim Levels (Interior and Exterior Options) The 2018 Chevrolet Spark is a subcompact front-drive city car available Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for CTA Tools 2380 10" Long 5/8" Spark Plug Socket at Amazon. Torque wrenches have a gauge that displays the torque you've applied when turning the wrench. 0L? The owners manual lists the gap but not a torque. Oct 21, 2013 These are the Parts and Tools needed for the job: Updated Spark Plugs- http://amzn. I am not a teenager anymore so I do not intentionally burn rubber, but if you need to accelerate out of 2005-2007 Ford Focus Spark Plugs Replacement Spark plug sockets have rubber in the end of them to grip the spark plug and are made long enough to keep from Motivation for the 2017 Ford Focus Electric comes from a permanent magnet traction motor producing 143 hp and 184 lb-ft of torque. Product Details. Fits for FORD FOCUS, MONDEO, FIESTA, TRANSIT, MAVERICK, COUGAR; vehicles. to/2fN9Xwt Dielectric Grease- http://amzn. The Ford Focus is completely new for 2012, with an all-new design, more fuel-efficient powertrains, and improved handling, along with a host of new technology features. Holds and Protects Spark Plug During Removal and Installation • Socket Has a 3/8” Drive for Use with a Ratchet or Breaker Bar Ford Triton Plug-Saver® Kit SKU 094873 14999 FIX98140T • Designed to Specifically Repair the Spark Plug Ports in 4. Tightening Torque [Nm]: 20. Model: Focus C-max. 4 and 6. 053 in Spark plugs torque 106 IN/lbs. When replacing spark plugs, for proper spark plug installation it is always highly recommended to use spark plug removal and installation tool and spark plug torque wrench. heads. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. 0L Spark plug torque - What is the torque used for spark plugs on a 2009 Ford Focus SE 2. 5 2009-2010 Ford Focus Mk2 RS500 2. But if you have to use it, put just a little up towards the top of the threads. 10mm Gasket Seat. What is the spark plug gap for a 2002 Ford Focus? What is spark plug gap on 2002 Ford Focus 2. Ford Performance Cold Spark Plug Set for 2. The 3V ('04+) is the engine with the plugs getting stuck. View and Download Ford FOCUS 2017 owner's manual online. KIA, cont. Cookie Policy This website uses cookies to improve your shopping experience. Description: 2. 026″. People at t 2013 FORD FOCUS ST Supplement DM5J 19A285 AA Wheel lug nut torque 14 Tire information 15 Ignition Coil-on-plug Fuel system 150 bar fuel pump The Ford manuals and most individuals online state that the correct torque for the spark plugs is between 80 and 168 inch pounds (7 – 14 ft/lbs). 6L, 1 . For full details such as dimensions, cargo capacity, suspension, colors, and brakes, click on a specific Focus trim. The thing is, the original recommended spark plugs have a gap of 0. 56, which is what is recommended in the Haynes manual. 2010 Focus (foc) Owners Guide, 1st Printing USA (fus) Wheel lug nut torque* lb. What is the torque used for spark plugs on a 2009 Ford Focus SE 2. These are the Parts and Tools needed for the job: Updated Spark Plugs-http://amzn. 5 genuine Ford Application: Ford Focus Mk2 RS 2. I couldn't find the 11 Jun 2014 question. Buy Autolite APP104 Double Platinum Spark Plug, Pack of 1: Automotive - Amazon. 3L 2005, Iridium IX™ Spark Plug by NGK®. FREE GROUND SHIPPING OVER $35* In-stock items and ship-to-home only. 000. 044 Torque the plugs to spec, if you don't have a torque wrench get them snug, then give a 1/4 turn. 4L 2V, or 6. the spark plug prob We are looking at a 2003 Ford F250 super duty, it has the 10 cylinder engine, we are now looking at all the problems wth the heads, the spark plug prob, is this something we can fix before there is a … We've got a wide rang of top-quality Ford Focus Spark Plug of all the best brands in the industry at an affordable rate. Reduced prices and Browsing Filters & Ignition Plugs (Glow & Spark Plugs) for Ford Focus 1. The NGK spark plug finder helps find the right spark plug via the NGK spark plug codes. pull the head hope no lower motor damage or replace engine. My two aluminum-head 3. 0L Zetec (200PS) from 15-09-2002 to 09-05-2005 - See FordPartsUK for more information JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. říjen 201331. 6 petrol mk 1 focus 51 plate ? also the correct torque ? I dont have the haynes for this car only my mondeo Cheers Mark spark plug socket size is 5/8ths focus manual says spark plug torque is 15 N-m (11 ft-lbs) and manual says 1. The 2018 Chevrolet Spark gets a new exterior color called Sorbet. This increases the probability that the spark plug will either break during installation or upon removal. 3L turbo. sharpest spark focus. For spark plugs that have an adjustable gap between the electrodes, the suggested gap is 0. By mjt, July 17, 2017 in Ford Focus Club. After the recent couple of engines have melted pistons I decided to pull the plugs and check the cylinders. of torque! The Ford FORD FOCUS SVT (Zetec) (2002 2003 2004) 2. replace coil and all spark plugs - torque Hawk Ford went It Still Runs is your ultimate auto resource, whether you rotate your tires or change your oil. Improving Ford Focus performance can often be accomplished by installing a fresh set of spark plug wires. Find local 2009 Ford Focus prices online. Ford Performance Focus ST Calibration with ProCal3 (Requires laptop and Internet access) and Spark Plug Kit M-14204-FSTA 2013-2015 Focus ST Cold Air Intake M-9603-FST with high flow K&N/Ford Performance Air Filter How to change spark plugs on a 1989 Winnebago with a 460 ford engine? - 1 there are 8 ways to screw this spark plug replacement thing. In order to be able to post messages on the Ford Focus Forum, Ford Focus ST Forum, Ford Focus RS Forum forums, you must first register. 0L SOHC engine? It would be in your owner's manual and it is 0. Trying to remove spark plugs from Ford’s 3-valve 4. Tightening a spark plug too far could damage the plug or the threads in the cylinder head. Click on a term to search our site for related topics. 00+. And because the threads in the oil pan are coated with oil, it has to be a wet torque spec. £6. 7W The number of turns a spark plug makes in the head is a factor of when/where the first thread is reached by the plug Order car parts FORD FOCUS Estate Spark Plug online . All of our Spark Plugs are guaranteed to fit if you use enter your Ford Focus into your Year Make Model selector. Check here for special coupons and promotions. Tighten to factory recommended torque using a deep socket (most models require 5/8”). New for 2018. Home Hand Tools Spark Plug Tools Ford Spark Plug Tools Focus Parts Focus Spark Plug Tools Your Andy's account is now active and you're logged in. Place a small amount of anti seize on the spark plug threads and the lower spark plug shaft below the threads. Autolite -For spark plugs with a gasket: 1/4 turn on 10mm plugs, 3/8 turn on 12mm plugs, 1/2 turn on 14mm and 18mm plugs. Reduced prices and fast delivery. com/Technical/Tech-Tips/Spark-Plug-Torque-Recommendations. The spark plugs were designed to need their first service at 100,000 miles which sounds great on paper, until you realize that: Replacing your Ford Fusion Spark Plug shouldn’t cost you a fortune. Read reviews, browse our car inventory, and more. 0-liter dual overhead cam engine designated "Zetec" by Ford. The correct spark plug for 2001 1. This will ensure easy future removals. Find the perfect Christmas gift with eBay this Christmas. The 3. spark plug torque Welcome to Chevy Cruze Forum : Chevrolet Cruze Forums – General discussion forum for Chevy Cruze Welcome to Chevy Cruze Forum : Chevrolet Cruze Forums - a website dedicated to all things Chevy Cruze. Ford Performance Focus ST Calibration with ProCal3 (Requires laptop and Internet access) and Spark Plug Kit M-14204-FSTA 2013-2016 Focus ST Cold Air Intake M-9603-FST with high flow K&N/Ford Performance Air Filter About Ford Spark Plug, Ignition Spark Plug The spark plug is a critical component in a car's ignition system, creating the spark needed to ignite the fuel for combustion. Main bearing torque sequence-4. Ford Performance Calibration With Cold Spark Plug Set Focus ST 2013-2017 is rated 5. and Canadian vehicles only More races are wonmore track records are setand more championships are captured with vehicles using Steeda performance parts than any other brand. JDM recommends these NGK-6510 LTR7IX-11 Iridium IX spark plugs. Ford Forums - Mustang Forum, Ford Trucks, Ford Focus and Ford Cars > Ford Cars and PAG Vehicles > Ford Crown Victoria (base) CV Spark Plug Torque Ford Focus Spark Plug; Ford Freestar Spark Plug; Ford Galaxie Spark Plug It may be because it is over-torque and under tightened during manufacturing production Go further than you ever imagined in a new Ford vehicle, built just for you. F its 2013-2017 Focus ST with 2. It's a 2002 Ford Focus ZTS with 150000 miles On 2002 ford explorer 4. 2008 Ford Focus 2. 0L EcoBoost M-12405-20T (required with calibration) 2013-2017 Focus ST Performance Calibration is also available in the following kits: 2013-2017 FOCUS ST CALIBRATION, SPARK PLUGS AND COLD AIR INTAKE M-9603A-FSTA What is the torque used for spark plugs on a 2009 Ford Focus SE 2. 028 to . 6N 114. 0L 4-cyl Firing Order 1-3-4-2. Triton style p/n App764 - App765 Triton style reach additonal vehicles: Z-tec style 1" reach plug autolite ATI5344 or SF534D found in the 2000 ford focus LE, and the 2001,2002, 2004 Ford focus SE. ford ma mb mc. 6L-221ci-V8 Focus Race Parts Ford Racing Calibration with Spark Plugs - 2013-2015 Focus ST [M-14204-FSTA] - Fits 2013-2015 Focus ST with 2. Lots of different information on the web. leden 201410. 1/4 turn past hand tight is plenty in my opinion. Spark plug type AGSF32YPC Spark plug gap 0. The pioneers of Iridium in aviation and industrial spark plugs have now created the ultimate automotive spark plug. OEM Motorcraft double platinum spark plugs, which are used The 2003 Ford F-150 has 40 problems reported for spark plug ejects from the engine. 5 2010 Vibra-Technics torque link rod bush: Ford Ford Focus 2000 Lx Used The Wrong Spark Plug A Few Days Ago, I Replaced The Spark Plug On My Ford Focus 2000 Lx In A Hurry. Choose top quality brands AC Delco, Autolite, Bosch, Champion, Denso, E3 Spark Plugs, Motorcraft, NGK. Avoid rocking the coil and boot side-to-side, since this could break the existing spark plug. Manufacturer: Ford Parts are the original equipment for Ford vehicles and help restore vehicle performance and reliability. This spark plug’s fine-wire iridium center and platinum ground electrodes provide the sharpest spark focus for maximum performance. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for CTA Tools 2380 10" Long 5/8" Spark Plug Socket at Amazon. 0-liter I-4 that makes 140 horsepower and 132 pound-feet of torque. 054 in. In the absence of this tool, the table below provides a generic guide to torquing a replacement plug based on the number of turns after the plug becomes finger-tight. Firing order 1-3-4-2 . 0L / 2. The 2018 Ford Focus Electric provides 115 miles of range—a big jump from the previous model’s 76 miles. S. Tapered ground electrode allows for better ignition throughout the life of the spark plug. 0L Engine Spark Plugs Replacement Guide How to check or change the spark plugs in a 3rd generation MK3 2011-2014 Ford Focus with the Duratec 20 I4 engine. 2004 Ford Focus 2. Followers 3. I am looking for instructions for doing so as 3 of the spark plugs at the back of the engine are under the manifold air-intake. 8L . changing spark plugs easy. Beginning in 1996, Ford placed intake manifolds on the 4. Rated 5 out of 5 by SDJayBee from Nice Torque Increase. I've been testing out my Motorcraft 8mm spark plug wires (the ones that got replaced by a set of Ford Racing 9mm plug wires) but I don't know what the limit is to determine if a wire is good or bad. First step is removing the ignition coils. 3L 4 Cyl. and Canadian vehicles only Spark Plug Replacement Estimate for Ford Focus Ford Focus Spark Plug Replacement costs $122 on average. 4: KA24DE-34-41-105-112: 105-112 Fig. 25 [mm]: 3. 6L, 5. 6 16V ZETEC SE 1998-2004 FYDA/FYDB/FYDC/FYDD/FYDH 1595ccm 74kw Car Repair Manual Spark plug: Motorcraft AYFS22C Spark plug Tightening torque Torque Solution Precision Spark Plug Gap Tool for 14mm Threaded Spark Plugs DEF Shift Cable Bushings for Ford Focus ST & RS 2013-2018 Billet Aluminum 6 Speed 2015 Ford Focus ST Harvard • 51. 99 to purchase online or in-store. 0l) 12 Valve ford 2008-99 Truck 1st 36-39, 2nd loosen one turn, 3rd 20-24, 4th turn 85-95 degrees, 5th turn 85-95 degrees 141 es 72136 es 72174 In TSB 07-21-2 Ford acknowledges that “some 1997-2008 vehicles equipped with a 4. Spark position 3 mm. 6l the spark plug is drowning in fluid? Happen before on rear cylinder #4 w/ antifreeze from crack in upper intake manifold drowning out the spark plug. WARNING: This part has been designed and is intended for off-highway application only. 1998 Ford F-250 Fuse Box Diagram. 4L Spark Plug Removal. Repeat the back and forth turning as needed until turning effort is reduced, and remove the spark plugs. short and long extension. As your Ford Focus spark plug wires deteriorate over time, they become less effective and stop delivering "clean" voltage to your plugs, which results in electromagnetic interference, hesitation, missing, poor idle, and a loss in fuel economy. Bookmarks. Environmental Protection Agency rates the Focus Electric's efficiency at combined 107 MPGe, with an estimated 118 MPGe in the city and 96 miles per gallon equivalent on the highway. We all know these aren't ordinary spark plugs. 2003 Ford F-250 4x4 Front Axle Diagram F150 Torque Converter Drain Plug. Parts for passenger cars Truck Parts. However, to reduce the chance of dirt entering the engine, only remove one at a time. 0 or 2. 031" from the factory. Ford Focus ST with mountune ECU calibration compared to the stock ECU calibration. Haynes Manual states that for focus builds between 2001 and 2004 the recommended torque spec for the oil drain plug is 37 Nm / 27 lbf ft. Now Tuning 1990-2018 SCT Ford / Lincoln and Mercury Vehicles Including the Focus ST, Taurus SHO, Ecoboost Flex, Ecoboost MKS, Ecoboost MKT, Mustang GT and GT500! We also offer SCT Dodge and GM tuning as well. The site for Ford truck owners, by Ford truck owners affect the torque and can cause the plug to unscrew easily contributing to a blow out The average cost for a Ford Focus spark plug replacement is between $112 and $151. you need a 3/8 ratchet. Your order may be eligible for Ship to Home, and shipping is free on all online orders of $35. HEAD BOLT SET PART NUMBER FORD PRODUCTS 6 & V6 (CONT. Top 8 Spark Plug FORD FOCUS III bestseller Best selling replacement part: Spark Plug FORD FOCUS III. How to check or change the engine spark plugs in a third generation MK III Ford Focus with the Duratec 20 Ti-VCT GDI I4 motor. ford focus st spark plug gap?, ford focus st spark plugs, sparkplugs for 2014 ford focus st, torque value for ford focus st spark plugs. So you really don't need anti seize. ford focus spark plug torque, ford focus st spark plug torque spec, spark plug torque specifications 2010 focus, whatr mileage to change spark plugs 2014 ford fiesta st. View and Download Ford FOCUS 2017 owner's manual online. Parts Geek - For 2003-2004 Ford Focus Spark Plug Bosch 72965GC 2. Use only Ford recommended replacement fasteners. 3mm for the Zetec engine. 0L? The owners manual lists For spark plugs that have an adjustable gap between the electrodes, the suggested gap is 0. What is the engine bolt torque specification for a 2002 ford focus sohc? Oil control plug, bolts and the four nuts on the torque converter on a 2000 ford 05 1. As it is today, Ford says the Focus Electric is worth $30,045, in MSRP terms. Price: Alternate: No parts for vehicles in selected markets. The Ford Modular engine is Ford Motor Company's overhead camshaft (OHC) V8 and V10 gasoline-powered small block engine family. new genuine ford. Specifications. You can find and buy Spark Plug of high quality for FORD FOCUS C-MAX and other models at onlinecarparts. You can find and buy Spark Plug of high quality for FORD FOCUS III and other models at onlinecarparts. 6, 5. -ft. You can do this job with a good spark plug socket (with rubber retaining ring inside), and a long extension. com") is brought to you by Ford Motor Company ("FORD") together with the Ford or Lincoln Mercury Dealership that you select as your preferred dealer ("dealer"). I have a 2002 Ford Focus coming up on 150k still drives fine, but when I went to change the plugs today, I found all four of them submerged in oil. Steeda, the world's largest aftermarket manufacturer of Ford performance equipment, is the leader in parts and upgrades for Mustang, Fusion, Fiesta, Focus vehicles, F-150 trucks and more. I have searched for a week and found nothing for this specific year. A spark plug operates by directing electrical current to flow through a centre electrode, forming a spark across an electrode (or air) gap, completing the circuit to a ground electrode. the 2. most diagnosis is either wrong torque when installing or cross Hello, I have a Ford Taurus 2004 and would like to change its Spark Plug. Consumer Reviews. 5L- (Gap . 6 Spark plug gap - Galaxy I can only comment on the Mondeo engine but assume the same applies to the Focus engine, too, since they are essentially the same engine. Champion Iridium - the ultimate element. 4L, and 6. There are very few options: Buyers can throw another $995 into it to get leather upholstery and $60 for a plug-shaped How to: Installing 3rd gen spark plugs Couldn't find a decent write-up on changing the spark plugs in my 3rd gen T4R , so wrote one up I bought six NGK BKR5EKB-11 plugs from Advance Auto for just under $26. (45 Nm). Order Spark Plug for your 2014 Ford Focus and pick it up in store—make your purchase, find a store near you, and get directions. 2005-2007 Ford Focus Spark Plugs Replacement 2017 Ford Focus Review. Use a torque wrench to make sure you don't over-tighten your plugs. 3mm gap, but if you buy plugs from the auto parts store and ask for plugs for the focus zetec, they should come pregapped. You just simply pull the plug wire out of the hole and then use a plug socket to remove the plug. You have the choice between various Spark Plug FORD FOCUS III brand manufacturers or to buy another high quality car part This Denso Spark Plug fits the following vehicles. A spark plug damaged this way can lead to premature spark plug failure and even engine damage. See Details What is the ford spark plug torque? Air conditioning in my 2005 ford focus the clutch is not enaging? What should an oil change cost for a 2004 Ford Applying anti-seize to these plugs will cause the installer to mistakenly over-torque the plug in the cylinder head stretching the metal between the last thread and the seal between the cylinder head and plug. 2005-2007 Ford Focus Spark Plugs Replacement Spark plug sockets have rubber in the end of them to grip the spark plug and are made long enough to keep from Ford Focus 1. This engine uses a distributorless ignition system and a coil pack to fire the spark plugs. The 2001 Ford Focus SE came with an optional 2. What is the torque used for spark plugs on a 2009 Ford Focus SE 2. ) 183 ohV (3. Spectra, Sephia 2004-09 . Ford says do not use power tools for the plug removal — spark plugs must be only be removed with hand tools. Push the new spark plug in to the socket and lower it down in to the well. 2005-2007 Ford Focus Spark Plugs Replacement Spark plug sockets have rubber in the end of them to grip the spark plug and are made long enough to keep from Ford service manual says 25 ft-lbs. Check your owner's manual for the exact spec, but IIRC it's 28# of torque. 2011-2016 F150 EcoBoost Ford Motorcraft Iridium Spark Plugs (Set of 6) developed cat issues. 1 What is the spark plug torque for a 2002 Ford Focus? 15Nm Share to: How do you replace spark plugs on 2006 Ford Fusion? The 2003 Ford F-150 has 40 problems reported for spark plug ejects from the engine. 0 V6) and replugged them back exactly where i removed them from (There is no chance I put them in the wrong spots). to/2gMobP4 Nickel Anti-Seize- I'm going to be replacing my spark plugs soon, but I can't find the proper torque for spark plugs in a 2. Engine Torque Specifications. That issue is solved by properly torquing the new spark plug into the head. 0L? The owners manual lists the gap but not a torque. Anyone know the recommended ft-lbs torque for the oil drain plug? Nothing in the owners guide. com/torque-chartTorque; it's one of the most essential parts of spark plug installation. A "Ford" and 3 "Honda" Family in NH 13 Ford Focus ST how To use The fel-pro® Torque Tables™ ENGINE YEARS FT. Suffering from a fouled spark plug? Replacing your stock spark plugs is a great step for any tune up. Designed for performance enthusiasts who want extreme ignitability, improved throttle response and superior anti-fouling, these spark plugs are a great option for modified Feel free to look through our Ford Focus spark plugs stock at any given time as our online store is open 24/7. spark plugs. Codes p0022 p0171 p0300 p0305 p0307 looking for any help spark plugs were done to try n fix the issue to no avail Ford Focus ST Modifications Guide by Stratified Auto one step colder spark plugs. This is the Lisle 65600 Broken Spark Plug Remover for Ford Triton three-valve engines used to remove broken spark plug tips from the combustion chamber in the head. Ford Focus Spark Plug Replacement ~ here you are at our site, this is images about ford focus spark plug replacement posted by Benson Fannie in Ford category on Dec 09, 2018. 2 wheels Michelin Pilot Super Sport tires CFM valve cover breather FSWerks short shift kit; Boosted Designs dead pedal focus st spark plug torque, focus st spark plugs change, how to change focus st spark plugs, how to change spark plugs focus …8/29/2016 · 2012 ford focus spark plug torque, fiesta st exhaust manifold torque, focus st torque settings, ford focus torque specs, mk2 focus rs front hub bolt torque, torque settings for 2005 focus motor mount, torque specs for a 2010 ford focus motor mount, torque specs in installing focus front strut on 2009 modelTorque specs for the spark plugs in a 2007 Ford taurus se - Answered by a verified Ford Mechanic I have a 2003 F250 V10 and I'm wondering the correct torque requirements for the spark plugs. 22-30 LEXUS CT200h, HS250h 2010-16 FRSSP1 Spark plug: Focus RS 2. There is a similar issue with spark plugs on the 3 valve 4. Find out what you should set your torque wrench to when installing a spark plug in a cast iron or alloy cylinder head. to/2bTiWyM RockAuto ships auto parts and body parts from over 300 manufacturers to customers' doors worldwide, all at warehouse prices. The proper torque of a spark plug can only be achieved using a torque wrench. Customer Viewpoint Ratings and Reviews 2018 Focus Electric. 0, 2. 0L Turbo I4 engine are Motorcraft CYFS-12Y-2, "CYFS12Y2" or Motorcraft SP537. Spanner Size: 16. If you don't torque them enough, the plugs get loose and you destroy the threads on the head and need a head replacement. Back to Top 2013 ford focus spark plug, best plugs for bolt on focus st, denso itv22 fiesta st, focus st 225 spark plug gap, focus st plug gap, focus st spark plug gap, focus st spark plugs, ford focus st spark plug gap, ford focust st spark plugs, ngk spark plugs focus st, what is the correct spark plug gap on a focus st 225, whats the best spark plugs 2009 Ford Focus Spark Plug Review Fitment Notes to Ensure Proper Fit The only iridium spark plug line engineered for both High Performance and Long Life. you need spark plug gauge to set spark gap. 6 16V, 100 hp, 1998 on Buycarparts. Click on a term to search for related topics. Genuine Ford Spark Plugs x 4 F5086351 What is a Spark Plug & what does it do?. Ford Electric, Hybrid, and Plug-In vehicles give you the power of choice - including the upcoming Mustang-inspired fully-electric utility. I couldn't find the info here, either (I must be having a blind moment, or something). All available coupons will be applied automatically in your shopping cart! Spark Plug FORD FOCUS III, FOCUS Sedan III, FOCUS Turnier III Spark Plug Detailed features and specs for the Used 2003 Ford Focus including fuel economy, transmission, warranty, engine type, cylinders, drivetrain and more. Ford Focus II 1. 3/5/2014 · Ford Racing CAI; Team Dynamics Pro Race 1. 2003 Ford Focus 2. Car Adjust torque if anti-seize is required on plug threads. 0L Mustang. 2006 Ford Ranger Sport 2007 Ford Focus ZX3-110k miles 2006 Mazda 3-168k miles Re: Oil Drain Plug Torque [Re: outoforder] #2378049 Adding Silly Torque in the Staging Lanes with Ford Performance Parts’ RS Air Box and Calibration and Spark Plug package, and their new Focus RS Cold Air Intake Box. SEQ. A rubber pipe as shown in the figure to the right is a good substitute for hand tightening/removing spark plugs. Ford 3. 051") http://amzn. Ford F150 Forum. The 2003 Ford F-150 has 40 problems reported for spark plug ejects from the engine. Ford Performance Focus ST Calibration with ProCal3 (Requires laptop and internet access) Ford Performance Cold Spark Plug Set for 2. This can distort the metal plug shell, which often results in engine damage. 6L-221ci-V8 . 6 liter engines due in part to the construction of the plug itself, although that is outside the focus of this article. Always use a torque wrench and the manufacturer’s torque specifications! Insufficient torque can result in a plug blowing right out of the cylinder head, taking the threads with it. Find great deals on eBay for Ford Ka Spark Plugs in Vehicle Spark Plugs. However, I think some time between 2000 and now, the recommended plugs changed to another model, which is factory gapped to 0. The electrode of the #2 spark plug has The expected removal torque is about 33 lb. with a torque-vectoring system, is standard across the model line, as are front, side, and curtain bags. Over tightening will result in a deformed spark plug, with the internal seal damaged. 0L Coyote V8. 0L V6 OHV Engine and I recently replaced the spark plugs. 0L Duratecs (two Taurii) call for 15 Newton-meters torque and my two aluminum-head 2. 8 16V Duratec HE 2004-2010 QQDB 1798ccm 92kw Car Repair Manual Find the engine specs, MPG, transmission, wheels, weight, performance and more for the 2006 Ford Focus Sedan 4D ZX4 SE. 0L Zetec in the Focus. Page 205: Jump Starting Do not attempt to push-start your automatic transmission vehicle. I have the Chilton's, but that is primarily for the 2. Torque 136 @ 4250 RPM 2005-2007 Ford Focus Spark Plugs Replacement: Replacing spark plugs for the D20 and D23 engines. Torque the oil drain plug to 25 to 30 foot-pounds. 6 2007 Get detailed information on the 2005 Ford Focus including specifications and data that includes dimensions, engine specs, warranty, standard features, options, and more. Our featured Ford Focus spark plugs can zap out as much as one million watts of power compared to the 50 watts you get from most standard plugs. As for the torque, our plugs have crush washers on them. Easy to use parts catalog. Free Shipping on many items from the world's largest Ford Focus Spark Plugs selection. 0L Spark plug torque 1 Answer. 2006 ford f150 with a 5. Due to the hard and effective work of our shipping team, you’ll receive your goods as quickly as possible. adjacent to a high-intensity spark plug and A good auto mechanic shop can change spark plug in 2006 Ford Focus for just about any make or model of vehicle and that means that when you are in the need to change spark plug in 06 Ford Focus you can rely on those trusted shops that you have relied on for various other vehicle repair needs. The problem is, it's the California emissed 2. It only gives one for the 14 Nov 2003 I'm going to be replacing my spark plugs soon, but I can't find the proper torque for spark plugs in a 2. 3 litre duratec engine. 2014 Ford Focus clock Page 1 of 2 - Sparkplug Change - posted in Focus ST Mk2 Discussion: Guys,what is the standard change interval for sparkplugs? My has covered 32,000 miles and im guessing is still on the original plugs. 0L 2000-04 1 . 0L L4 Ignition Spark Plug. Coil-on-plug ignition system. White Gold is …The widest range of products, outstanding quality, and affordable prices are the three pillars on which CARiD bases its work. I Accidentally Used The Wrong Spark Plug - I Used A Posted: Sat Apr 11, 2009 5:43 am Post subject: OT- Ford Focus oil drain plug torque Daughter came home for Easter and the new car was due for an oil change. Please enter your desired user name, your email address and other required details in the form below. NOTE: Typical computer-controlled vehicles need to use one tank of gas before the benefits of Pulstar Spark Plugs can be seen. 2009 Ford Focus SE 2. 0L Zetecs (Contour and Focus) also call for 15 Newton-meters torque. Haynes Manual states that for focus builds between 2001 and 2004 the recommended torque spec for the oil drain plug is 37 Nm / 27 lbf ft. 2L Trucks When adding aftermarket upgrades to your 6. to/2gMobP4  Torque Chart | Tightening Torque Installation - E3 Spark Plugs e3sparkplugs. 11/21/2013 · focus st spark plug gap, focus st spark plugs, ford focus st spark plug gap, ford focust st spark plugs, ngk spark plugs focus st, what is the correct spark plug gap on a focus st 225, whats the best spark plugs focus st 225. 025 – 0. 041- 0. 3mm Share to: What are the spark plug gap settings on a 2000 ford focus? open bonnet, pull ht leads off, undo each plug using a 10mm spark plug socket, insert new plugs screw in by hand (just to make sure you don't cross thread em) and then tighten them to 15nm or if you dont have a torque wrench just make sure there snug dont over tighten them they don't need it. Ford Focus Club ; Spark plug torque setting Sign in to follow this . 0 liter. Your gap on the plugs will most likely be around . In case you need informational support while making your selection, our customer service team remains online any day of the week. This is a 2008 Focus with the 2. Spark Plug Hole Thread Chaser. 6 strip a plug in probably 50 spark plug The factory spark plugs in the 2016 - 2018 Ford Focus RS have been found to vary widely in gap opening from plug to plug which can lead to spark blowout, misfires and poor fuel economy, especially when running higher than stock horsepower levels. Select up to 3 trims below to compare some key specs and options for the 2016 Ford Focus. uk information and tips, Ford Focus Transmission Shift Solenoid. 045. The Ford Explorer dash board is designed to protect the The spark plug gap: This is the easier of the two considerations; for the Ford Ecoboost engine found in the Focus / Fiesta ST as well as the DISI in the Mazdaspeed vehicles we always recommend a plug gap of 0. 52-0